water security

Resilience and Water Security in Two Outback Cities

This report compares water security issues in two Australian mining communities. Kalgoorlie in Western Australia and Broken Hill in New South Wales are towns with populations of around 30,000 and 20,000 respectively in semi-arid environments with limited local water supplies. Each has a rich history based on mineral resources and, more recently, a developing tourism industry. The catalyst for development has been the exploitation of mineral resources (silver, zinc and lead in Broken Hill and gold in Kalgoorlie); this development has been constrained and tested by water limitations.