bitumen

Modeling Climate Change Impacts of Pavement Production and Construction

The 21st century is the century of urbanization. Along with rapid urbanization, the century is observing the biggest increase in the world's population in human history. As of 2006, the world human population reached 6.5 billion. Rapid global urbanization and explosive overall population increases generate high demand for new road networks. Paved surfaces can comprise up to 45% of land cover in urban regions of the United States and are designed with energy intensive products comprised of either Portland cement or petroleum-based asphalt (bitumen).
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The 3 Counties Alliance Partnership (3CAP): The Effect of Climate Change on 3CAP

This report reviews the potential risks to the road network for three counties in the UK. It suggests adaptation actions for each risk and recommends the timing of implementation.
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Stormwater, Impervious Surfaces and Climate Change in Queanbeyan: The Integrated Assessment of Clmate Change Impacts on Urban Settlements (IACCIUS) Project

This investigation examined changes in urban surfaces, including unconsolidated landscaping materials and change in impervious surface occurrence, in relation to increased drought and storm events, as well as implications for local drainage, stormwater and flooding. Increased water flows and movement of unconsolidated materials into the drainage systems may result from covering of previously grassed or garden areas as a response to drought, water restrictions, and other factors, and increased intense storm events predicted under conditions of climate change.
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Road transport sensitivities to weather and climate change in Australia

This paper is based on a desktop review of peer-reviewed literature on fields of transportation, engineering and planning; risk assessment and crash analysis; and applied climatology and hazards to discuss the types of risks that extreme weather and climate change pose to Australian roads and road users.
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Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation

This large (298 pages) report provides an interesting insight into the risks facing the United States transportation industry. The report also provides recommendations for adaptive actions including design, organisational arrangements, insurance use of technology and sharing of best practice ideas.

Impact of climate change on road infrastructure

This report on the potential impacts of climate change on Australia's road infrastructure is based on science from CSIRO models using IPCC A2 emissions scenario. As well as providing a discussion on climate change impacts this report also projects population change for Australian major cities based on climate change impacts.