Adaptation Good Practice Project Phases

To support adaptation to climate change, it is useful to follow a sequence of logical phases which will increase the likelihood that good adaptation outcomes can be achieved. The Adaptation Good Practice project uses a generic adaptation framework of four phases:

Research and assessment - technical, climate, financial and social data is fundamental to understand the extent of climate change risks and to assess realistic, cost effective adaptation options.

Decision-making and planning - long-term planning and investment is fundamental to effective adaptation. Planning establishes the framework for decisions and actions that will be implemented to address climate risk and the vision, aims and objectives against which the decisions made and the success of the adaptation actions will later be monitored and evaluated.

Implementation – adaptation actions, policies and programs must be implemented and integrated into planning and budgetary processes to ensure ongoing effectiveness. Appropriate targets, indicators and measures of success need to be built into the implementation to enable effective monitoring and evaluation.

Reflect - monitoring and evaluation of the project, based on targets and performance indicators established in the implementation phase can provide an early warning of trends or a new problem which needs to be addressed, whether the outcomes were met, what aspects of the project have been successful and what did not work and why. These findings can then be built into future projects.

Each of the case studies was focussed on one or more of these phases.