Australia’s three tiers of government have different roles and responsibilities, covering a variety of expectations, approaches and initiatives to address climate change adaptation.

The Australian Commonwealth Government is the general steward of national interests, including protecting natural resources, security and economic development, and leads the national agenda required to support adaptation actions.

The State and Territory governments play a role framing adaptation actions through regulations and policy directions, especially in planning for towns and cities.  The relationship between the State and Local Governments is also a critical component in developing and supporting local and regional adaptation actions.

The Local Government is often said to be at the forefront of adaptation actions. Impacts are felt first on the local level and that is where adaptation actions are delivered. Although Local Governments are often constrained my resources and regulations, many Australian Councils are at the forefront of climate change adaptation initiatives.

Through a federally funded program including eight networks and targeted research that addresses key climate adaptation priorities, NCCARF provides access to new information and practices to all levels of government in Australia as well as to vulnerable sectors. We facilitate access to research findings by supporting the Climate Change Adaptation Collection of Australian Policy Online.