Limp, leap or learn? Developing legal frameworks for climate change adaptation planning in Australia: Summary for policymakers
|Title||Limp, leap or learn? Developing legal frameworks for climate change adaptation planning in Australia: Summary for policymakers|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Macintosh, A, Foerster, A, McDonald, J|
|Institution||National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility|
Settlements in coastal and bushfire prone areas across Australia face major challenges in adapting to potential climate change impacts. There is a range of legal tools and instruments that can be used to influence the spatial distribution and nature of land use and development and hence the exposure and vulnerability of settlements to climate hazards. These include instruments which seek to control and influence new development (the traditional domain of land use planning) and those which specifically target existing development. This research project has developed a taxonomy of spatial planning instruments, classified according to the role they play within a legal framework for adaptation planning: for example, communicating information on climate hazards; regulating land use and development; or incentivising hazard mitigation activities. Drawing on extensive investigation of existing legal frameworks, and interviews with local and state planning, emergency management and coastal officers in selected coastal and bushfire prone areas across Australia, the project has identified potential benefits and challenges associated with different instruments and makes a number of recommendations regarding the way in which they can be employed to support effective and efficient adaptation to climate change.
Presented below is a short summary of each group of spatial planning instruments including key features, examples drawn from current Australian practice, advantages and challenges, and considerations and recommendations for implementation.